The term “electronic keyboard” describes any instrument that produces sound by the pressing or striking of keys, and uses electricity, in some manner, to facilitate the creation of that sound. The use of an electronic keyboard to create music follows an unavoidable evolutionary line from the very first musical keyboard instruments, the pipe organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The pipe organ is the oldest of these, initially developed by the Romans in the 3rd century B.C., and known as the hydraulis. The hydraulis produced sound by forcing air through reed pipes, and was powered by means of a manual water pump or a natural water source such as a waterfall.
From it’s first manifestation in ancient Rome up until the 14th century, the organ remained the only real keyboard instrument. It often failed to feature a keyboard whatsoever, instead utilizing large levers or buttons that were operated using the whole hand.
The subsequent appearance of the clavichord and harpsichord inside the 1300’s was accelerated from the standardization of the 12-tone keyboard of white natural keys and black sharp/flat keys found in all keyboard instruments these days. The buzz from the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed from the development and widespread adoption in the piano inside the 18th century. The best digital pianos with weighted keys was actually a revolutionary advancement in acoustic musical keyboards just because a pianist could vary the volume (or dynamics) from the sound the instrument created by varying the force that each key was struck.
The emergence of electronic sound technology inside the 18th century was the following essential element of the creation of the current electronic keyboard. The first electrified musical instrument was regarded as the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. This was shortly followed by the “clavecin electrique” designed by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde around 1760. The former instrument was comprised of over 700 strings temporarily electrified to boost their sonic qualities. The later was actually a keyboard instrument featuring plectra, or picks, which were activated electrically.
While being electrified, neither the Denis d’or or even the clavecin used electricity as a sound source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented this kind of instrument referred to as “musical telegraph.,” which had been, essentially, the first analog electronic synthesizer. Gray found that he could control sound from the self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, and so invented a simple single note oscillator. His musical telegraph created sounds from the electromagnetic oscillation of steel reeds and transmitted them over a telephone line. Grey proceeded to include a basic loudspeaker into his later models which consisted of a diaphragm vibrating in a magnetic field, making the tone oscillator audible.
Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was the following major contributor to the growth of the electronic keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode electronic valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the initial thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest built the initial vacuum tube instrument, the Visit Website in 1915. The vacuum tube became an essential part of electronic instruments for the next 50 years up until the emergence and widespread adoption of transistor technology.
The decade from the 1920’s brought a great deal of new electronic instruments onto the scene including the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, and the Trautonium.
Another major breakthrough within the past of electronic keyboards arrived in 1935 with the development of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the first electronic instrument competent at producing polyphonic sounds, and remained so till the invention from the Chamberlin Music Maker, as well as the Mellotron in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The Chamberlin and also the Mellotron were the first ever sample-playback keyboards designed for making music.
The electronic piano made it’s first appearance within the 1940’s with the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). This was a 3 and a half octave instrument made from 1946 until 1948 that came designed with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their first electric piano, “The 100.”
The rise of music synthesizers inside the 1960’s gave a strong push towards the evolution from the electronic musical keyboards we now have today. The first synthesizers were extremely large, unwieldy machines used only in recording studios. The technological advancements and proliferation of miniaturized solid state components soon allowed producing synthesizers that have been self-contained, portable instruments able to used in live performances.
This began in 1964 when Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer was not truly an electronic keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer with a built-in keyboard, which instrument further standardized the design of electronic musical keyboards.
Most early analog synthesizers, such as the Minimoog and the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, able to producing just one tone at a time. A couple of, such as the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, as well as the Moog Sonic Six, could produce two different tones simultaneously when two keys were pressed. True polyphony (the production of multiple simultaneous tones which permit for that playing of chords) qhscvn only obtainable, at first, using electronic organ designs. There were a number of electronic keyboards produced which combined organ circuits with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, and the ARP Omni.
By 1976, additional design advancements had allowed the appearance of polyphonic synthesizers like the Oberheim Four-Voice, as well as the Yamaha series CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The initial truly practical polyphonic synth, introduced in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This instrument was the first one to use a microprocessor being a controller, and also allowed all knob settings to get saved in computer memory and recalled simply by pushing a control button. The Prophet-5’s design soon took over as the new standard inside the electronic keyboards industry.
The adoption of Musical Instrumental Digital Interface (MIDI) since the standard for digital code transmission (allowing electronic keyboards to get connected into computers and other devices for input and programming), and the ongoing digital technological revolution have produced tremendous advancements in all elements of Visit Website, construction, function, sound quality, and expense. Today’s manufactures, like Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are producing a great deal of well-built, lightweight, versatile, great sounding, and affordable electronic keyboard musical instruments and definately will continue to do so well into the foreseeable future.